Country Profiles

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Country Profile
Algeria
About Algeria

Exciting growth – but there is work to be done to improve the overall business climate


Most recent data: 2013

<...

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Angola
About Angola

Entrepreneurship levels in Angola continue to be among the highest in the world, but infrastructure and education are still import...

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Angola View Profile
Argentina
About Argentina

A vibrant entrepreneurial ecosystem with high potential entrepreneurs, held back by political, institutional and economic instabil...

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Argentina View Profile
Australia
About Australia

Entrepreneurship is alive and well in Australia

Most recent data: 2014

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Austria
About Austria

Entrepreneurial activity at a consistently high level


Most recent data: 2014


In terms of early-stage...

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Bangladesh
About Bangladesh

Most recent data: 2011
The GEM Bangladesh National Team was based at the International Islamic University Chittagong and partic...

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Barbados
About Barbados

Creative, capable people, who claim not to fear failure – yet only a few choose to become entrepreneurs


Most r...

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Belgium
About Belgium


Most recent data: 2014

The Belgian team is based at Vlerick Business School and has participated...

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Belgium View Profile
Belize
About Belize


Most recent data: 2014

The Belizean team is run by the Economic Development Council and has participated in GE...

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Belize View Profile
Bolivia
About Bolivia

High levels of activity - but innovative businesses need more support


Most recent data: 2014

Bolivia had the si...

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Bolivia View Profile
Bosnia and Herzegovina
About Bosnia and Herzegovina

Increasing entrepreneurial activity is mostly necessity-driven, with low growth aspirations constrained by inadequate government p...

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Botswana
About Botswana

A regional leader in job growth expectation


Most recent data: 2014


Overall, Botswana’s entrepren...

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Brazil
About Brazil

Positive attitudes towards entrepreneurship and a favourable culture - but investment in education is needed


Most rec...

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Bulgaria
About Bulgaria

The Bulgarian team joined the GEM consortium in 2015. GEM Bulgaria will publish its first report in the autumn of 201...

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Bulgaria View Profile
Burkina Faso
About Burkina Faso

A remarkably high level of entrepreneurial activity - but innovation and growth expectations are low


Most recent GEM...

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Cameroon
About Cameroon


Most recent data: 2014

The Cameroonian team is based at the Faculté des Sciences Economiques et de Gestion A...

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Canada
About Canada

Vibrant entrepreneurship, with an early stage rate virtually tied with the US, and leading all other G7 countries


Mos...

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Chile
About Chile

Growing entrepreneurial activity and positive societal perceptions


Most recent data: 2014


The Chilea...

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Chile View Profile
China
About China

Insufficient improvement in the entrepreneurial environment in the last decade – more should be done


Most recent data...

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China View Profile
Colombia
About Colombia

Entrepreneurship is a development option for many Colombians.


The ‘Entrepreneurial Pipeline’


The ‘entrepren...

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Colombia View Profile
Costa Rica
About Costa Rica


Most recent data: 2014

The Costa Rican team is based at the Asociacion Incubadora Parque Tec, University...

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Croatia
About Croatia

A fairly stable level of entrepreneurial activity, characterized by a high share of necessity-based ventures, low share of busines...

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Cyprus
About Cyprus

The GEM Cyprus team is based at the University of Cyprus and will collect data for the first time in 2016.

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Czech Republic
About Czech Republic

Relatively high entrepreneurial activity despite economic stagnation – increasing for the younger generation, but declining for th...

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Czech Republic View Profile
Denmark
About Denmark


Most recent data: 2014

GEM does not currently have a team in Denmark.

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Denmark View Profile
Dominican Republic
About Dominican Republic


Most recent data: 2009

The GEM Dominican Republic National Team was based at the Pontificia Universidad C...

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Dominican Republic View Profile
Ecuador
About Ecuador

High levels of entrepreneurship but a lack of innovation


Most recent data: 2014


In 2014, the Total e...

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Egypt
About Egypt

Positive entrepreneurial attitudes in a challenging environment


Most recent data: 2012


In general, E...

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Egypt View Profile
El Salvador
About El Salvador

A large number of small subsistence business owners facing low growth and high levels of crime


Most recent data: 2012...

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El Salvador View Profile
Estonia
About Estonia

A hotbed for high growth startups - but the majority of entrepreneurship is of low technological sophistication and added value

...

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Estonia View Profile
Ethiopia
About Ethiopia


Most recent data: 2012

The GEM Ethiopia National Team was based at Addis Ababa University and participated in...

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Ethiopia View Profile
Finland
About Finland

Recognition of business opportunities higher than in most innovation-driven economies - but the downturn in the economy discourage...

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Finland View Profile
France
About France

High entrepreneurial desires but very low perception of entrepreneurial competences


Most recent data: 2013

...

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France View Profile
Georgia
About Georgia


Most recent data: 2014

The Georgian team is based at Caucasus School of Business at Caucasus University&n...

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Georgia View Profile
Germany
About Germany

A relatively low level of activity – but favourable entrepreneurial framework conditions in terms of government policy support

<...

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Germany View Profile
Ghana
About Ghana


Most recent data: 2013

The GEM Ghana National Team was based at the Institute of Statistical, Social and Econo...

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Ghana View Profile
Greece
About Greece

A remarkably high number of small entrepreneurs – dominated by family-owned businesses with low growth prospects


Most...

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Greece View Profile
Guatemala
About Guatemala

A high level of entrepreneurial activity, consisting mainly of poorly capitalized businesses related to consumption, with low valu...

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Guatemala View Profile
Hong Kong SAR China
About Hong Kong SAR China


Most recent data: 2009

The GEM Hong Kong National Team is based at the Centre for Entrepreneurship of the Chin...

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Hungary
About Hungary

Slightly weaker entrepreneurial activity than its level of economic development indicates, but in line with neighbouring economies...

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Hungary View Profile
Iceland
About Iceland


Most recent data: 2010

The GEM Iceland National Team was based at Reykjavik University and participated from 2...

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Iceland View Profile
India
About India

Entrepreneurship: a desirable career choice


Most recent data: 2014


In India, adults are generally po...

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India View Profile
Indonesia
About Indonesia

High early-stage entrepreneurial activity with low fear of failure


Most recent data: 2013


The le...

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Indonesia View Profile
Iran
About Iran

A regional leader in entrepreneurial self-belief


Most recent data: 2014


The results of GEM 2014 show...

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Iran View Profile
Ireland
About Ireland

TEA at its highest since 2005; a high proportion of entrepreneurs expect to become employers


Most recent data: 2013 View Profile

Ireland View Profile
Israel
About Israel

A remarkably high level of entrepreneurial activity, mostly opportunity-driven and export-oriented, held back by a lack of support...

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Italy
About Italy

A long tradition of diffused entrepreneurship with fewer new initiatives due to the lack of a supportive entrepreneurial ecosystem...

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Italy View Profile
Jamaica
About Jamaica

Among the most entrepreneurial people in the world – but with a high level of necessity–driven entrepreneurship


Most...

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Japan
About Japan

Persistently low levels of activity – but high activity among those with positive entrepreneurial attitudes


Most rece...

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Japan View Profile
Jordan
About Jordan


Most recent data: 2009

GEM data was collected in Jordan as part of a special 2009 Middle East and North Africa...

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Jordan View Profile
Kazakhstan
About Kazakhstan


Most recent data: 2014

The Kazakh team is based at Nazarbayev University Graduate School of Business ...

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Kosovo
About Kosovo


Most recent data: 2014

GEM data was collected in Kosovo in 2014.

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Kosovo View Profile
Latvia
About Latvia


Most recent data: 2013

The Latvian team is based at the Stockholm School of Economic in Riga and has...

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Latvia View Profile
Lebanon
About Lebanon

Most recent data: 2009

The Lebanon team is based at the UK Lebanon Tech Hub and has participated in GEM since 2015.

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Lebanon View Profile
Libya
About Libya


Most recent data: 2013

The Libyan team was based at the University of Benghazi and participated in GEM in 2013...

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Libya View Profile
Lithuania
About Lithuania

A country of intrapreneurs with an increasing number of opportunity-driven ventures


Most recent data: 2014


...

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Luxembourg
About Luxembourg

43% of adults report good conditions to start a business in the next 6 months


Most recent data: 2014


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Macedonia
About Macedonia

Increasing promotion of entrepreneurial endeavours


Most recent data: 2013


Macedonia’s TEA (Total...

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Macedonia View Profile
Malawi
About Malawi


Most recent data: 2013

The GEM Malawi National Team was based at the University of Malawi, Chancellor College...

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Malawi View Profile
Malaysia
About Malaysia

Opportunities abound – but entrepreneurial education, skills and abilities are far behind


Most recent data: 2013

<...

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Malaysia View Profile
Mexico
About Mexico

Strong perceptions of opportunities and capabilities, with a growing level of entrepreneurial activity


Most recent da...

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Morocco
About Morocco

High activity indicates that entrepreneurship is a way of life for many Moroccans


Most recent data: 2009


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Namibia
About Namibia

Although much needs to be done, entrepreneurial activity has generally increased in recent years


Most recent data: 20...

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Netherlands
About Netherlands

Entrepreneurial activity among young adults increases rapidly in the Netherlands


Most recent data: 2014

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Netherlands View Profile
New Zealand
About New Zealand


Most recent data: 2005

The GEM New Zealand National Team was based at UNITEC New Zealand and participated from...

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New Zealand View Profile
Nigeria
About Nigeria

An abundance of willing and able entrepreneurs encouraged by internal market openness but constrained by government programmes and...

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Norway
About Norway

Opportunity driven entrepreneurial activity, constrained by a perceived lack of entrepreneurial skills and good access to alternat...

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Norway View Profile
Pakistan
About Pakistan

A disproportionately high level of necessity-driven entrepreneurship and a huge gender gap among entrepreneurs


Most r...

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Pakistan View Profile
Palestinian Territories
About Palestinian Territories

The GEM Palestine National Team was based at the The Palestine Economic Policy Research Institute (MAS) and participated...

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Palestinian Territories View Profile
Panama
About Panama

Unifying the entrepreneurial ecosystem and moving towards an innovation economy


Most recent data: 2014


...

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Panama View Profile
Peru
About Peru

Better entrepreneurial conditions, best entrepreneurs


Most recent data: 2014


Total early-stage Entre...

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Peru View Profile
Philippines
About Philippines

Entrepreneurship: an emerging career path for Filipinos


Most recent data: 2014


In the Philippines, 6...

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Philippines View Profile
Poland
About Poland

Remarkable entrepreneurial spirit and a growing share of established businesses, but not enough opportunity-driven entrepreneurshi...

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Portugal
About Portugal

Economic and financial difficulties continue to prompt Portuguese to become entrepreneurs


Most recent data: 2013

<...

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Portugal View Profile
Puerto Rico
About Puerto Rico

Increase in early-stage entrepreneurial activity, with a decrease in new business; societal perceptions of high entrepreneurial ca...

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Qatar
About Qatar


Most recent data: 2014

The Qatari team is based at the Qatar Development Bank.


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Qatar View Profile
Romania
About Romania

The level of early-stage entrepreneurship has stabilised – and is one of the highest in the Central and Eastern Europe region.

...

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Romania View Profile
Russia
About Russia

About 90% of the population is not only not involved in business activities, but also do not see opportunities to build businesses...

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Saudi Arabia
About Saudi Arabia

Most recent data: 2010
The GEM Saudi Arabia National Team is based at the Babson Global Center for Entrepreneurial Leadership a...

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Saudi Arabia View Profile
Senegal
About Senegal


The Senegalese team is based at the Université Cheikh Anta Diop de Dakar, and has participated in GEM since 2015. View Profile

Senegal View Profile
Serbia
About Serbia

Most recent data: 2009
The GEM Serbia National Team was based at the Faculty of Economics Subotica and participated from 2007-2...

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Serbia View Profile
Singapore
About Singapore

Entrepreneurial scene in Singapore remains lively with TEA rates above 10% for the past three years


Most recent data:...

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Slovakia
About Slovakia

Bouncing back towards optimistic prospects


Most recent data: 2014


While the entrepreneurship sit...

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Slovenia
About Slovenia

Stable early-stage entrepreneurial activity and strong international orientation, despite lack of vitality, weak support and a def...

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South Africa
About South Africa

An alarmingly low level of entrepreneurial activity in spite of high unemployment


Most recent data: 2014


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South Korea
About South Korea

Low levels of entrepreneurial education and opportunity-driven, youth and female entrepreneurship, despite a slight growth in entr...

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Spain
About Spain

Stable levels of entrepreneurial activity - albeit lower than pre-crisis levels and the European average


Most recent...

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Spain View Profile
Suriname
About Suriname


Most recent data: 2014

GEM collected data in Suriname in 2013 and 2014.

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Suriname View Profile
Sweden
About Sweden

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Switzerland
About Switzerland

Innovative, internationally focused, fearless entrepreneurs with slow but steady growth and a high level of gender equality


...

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Syria
About Syria


Most recent data: 2009

The GEM Syria National Team was based at the Syria Trust For Development and participat...

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Syria View Profile
Taiwan
About Taiwan

A remarkably high level of entrepreneurial intention and growth aspiration, yet lower in internationalization


Most re...

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Taiwan View Profile
Thailand
About Thailand

Remarkably high rates of entrepreneurship, with equal levels of male/female involvement


Most recent data: 2013

...

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Thailand View Profile
Tonga
About Tonga


Most recent data: 2009

The GEM Tonga National Team was based at UNITEC New Zealand and participated in 2009. View Profile

Tonga View Profile
Trinidad and Tobago
About Trinidad and Tobago

Many willing and able entrepreneurs, but the nature of entrepreneurial activity needs to change if the sector is to contribute to...

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Trinidad and Tobago View Profile
Tunisia
About Tunisia


Most recent data: 2012

The current Tunisian team is based at the Arab Institute of Business Leaders IACE and h...

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Tunisia View Profile
Turkey
About Turkey

A significant post-recession increase in entrepreneurial activity


Most recent data: 2012


GEM data ha...

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Turkey View Profile
Uganda
About Uganda

An abundance of willing entrepreneurs held back by limited skills and a lack of support from the government


Most rece...

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Uganda View Profile
United Arab Emirates
About United Arab Emirates


Most recent data: 2011

The GEM UAE National Team is based at United Arab Emirates University.

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United Arab Emirates View Profile
United Kingdom
About United Kingdom

Early-stage entrepreneurial activity is relatively high and remains above the long-run average


Most recent data: 2014...

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United Kingdom View Profile
United States
About United States

Consistently high level of participation in entrepreneurship supported by favourable environmental conditions


Most re...

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United States View Profile
Uruguay
About Uruguay


Most recent data: 2014

The Uruguayan team is based at IEEM Business School, University of Montevideo and has p...

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Uruguay View Profile
Vanuatu
About Vanuatu

Most recent data: 2010
The GEM Vanuatu National Team was based at UNITEC New Zealand and participated in 2010.

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Vanuatu View Profile
Venezuela
About Venezuela


Most recent data: 2011

The GEM Venezuela National Team was based at the Instituto de Estudios Superiores...

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Venezuela View Profile
Vietnam
About Vietnam

A significantly improved environment for business - but difficulties remain


Most recent data: 2014


I...

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Vietnam View Profile
Yemen
About Yemen


Most recent data: 2009

GEM data was collected in Yemen as part of a special 2009 Middle East and North Africa...

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Yemen View Profile
Zambia
About Zambia

In 2013, for the second consecutive year, Zambia registered the highest early stage entrepreneurship rate of all the GEM economies...

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Zambia View Profile

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