Canada

Region: Europe and North America
 

Classification of economies by geographic region is based on that of the United Nations Statistics Division.

High Income
 

Based on the income levels set out by the World Economic Forum (WEF) in its Global Competitiveness Report. However, the groupings are slightly different due to the numbers of economies covered. For GEM, the low income group contains both those classified as low income and lower middle by WEF, and the middle income group has those that WEF groups as upper middle. High income is the same for both GEM and WEF.

Population: 35.8 million
GDP: $1552.4 billion
GDP Per Capita: $43,332

Canada Reports

Name
Report information
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  • Year of publication: 2017
  • Category: National Reports
  • Language: English
  • Upload date: 2018-12-01

  • This report uses a definition of "youth" of 18-39. Youth in Canada see entrepreneurship as a good career choice and associate it with high status. TEA for this group is high (at 14% over the last four years) but slightly below the Canadian average for all ages. Personal savings is their primary source of funding. The number of youth angel investors is increasing.
  • URL: https://www.gemconsortium.org/report/50190
GEM Canada Report on Youth Entrepreneurship
Report information
pdf
GEM Canada - Quebec report
Report information
pdf
  • Year of publication: 2016
  • Category: National Reports
  • Language: English
  • Upload date: 2017-12-12

  • Canada has emerged as a leader in women’s entrepreneurship, with the highest levels of early-stage activity (TEA), and the fifth highest established business ownership (EBO), amongst innovation-based economies. The GEM Canada Report on Women’s Entrepreneurship highlights the strength of women’s entrepreneurship in Canada. Some highlights from the report: • In 2016, 13.3% of Canadian women engaged in some form of early stage business activity, involving a business that was 3.5 years old or younger. This was up from 10.0% in 2014, and marked the highest rate of women’s TEA in 2016 amongst comparable innovation-based countries. • Comparing Canada to other G7 countries—such as the U.K. (5.6%), Germany (3.1%), France (3.4%), and Italy (3.3%)—helps to underline the striking and high level of Canadian women’s participation in early-stage business.
  • URL: https://www.gemconsortium.org/report/50001
GEM Canada Report on Women's Entrepreneurship 2016
Report information
pdf
  • Year of publication: 2016
  • Category: National Reports
  • Language: English
  • Upload date: 2017-04-16

  • We believe that this is the first application of GEM methodology to a university population. It was greatly facilitated by the fact that 100% of the population has a known email address. It's main findings were:  Levels of entrepreneurial activity at the university are similar to the Alberta population and among the highest in the developed world.  Interestingly, fewer members of the university community were confident of their skills or the opportunities. “Don’t know” was a common response. This may only mean they were more realistic than the general population.  Levels of “intrapreneurship” are quite high among students and faculty, There is a great deal of innovative activity going on with community partners. The GEM survey offers a systematic measure of this.  All parts of the university were almost equally involved in entrepreneurial activity — health sciences, science and engineering, and social sciences and humanities.  More than 50 per cent of entrepreneurial activity was directed at serving businesses, rather than consumers.  Approximately 30 per cent of initiatives aimed to have 20 or more employees in five years, higher than the rates for Alberta or Canada.  More than 40 per cent of initiatives expected significant export revenues.  Far more initiatives at the university used recent technology than in Alberta as a whole or the rest of Canada.  Initiatives at the U of C are much more innovative than initiatives from Alberta as a whole.  Women participation in entrepreneurship was somewhat less than in the Alberta population, particularly among faculty.
  • URL: https://www.gemconsortium.org/report/49825
GEM Canada University of Calgary Report 2015-2016
Report information
pdf
  • Year of publication: 2016
  • Category: National Reports
  • Language: English
  • Upload date: 2017-07-06

  • As is the case in other developed countries the Canadian population has positive attitudes toward entrepreneurship. It is viewed as a good career choice, and successful entrepreneurs are judged to enjoy high status. Among advanced economies classified as innovation driven by the World Economic Forum, Canada’s TEA rate of 16.7% of respondents is now the highest, followed by those of Australia and the United States. Canada has a rate of employee entrepreneurial activity of 6.5%, placing Canada twelfth among the innovation economies. The TEA rate among women is about 2/3 that of men, which is typical among comparison countries, as it was in 2013 and 2014 In terms of the sectors, 48% of early stage entrepreneurship was in consumer services. In Canada this year the age group with the highest TEA was the 25 - 34, with 22.3%. The rates decline sequentially for the 35 - 44 group, the 45 - 54 group, and the 55 - 64 age group. The TEA rates decline reaches 10.7% among the 55 - 64 cohort. The striking feature of the results of study of TEA rate as a function of education is the fact that rate of entrepreneurial activity in each education cohort (from those with less than secondary through those with secondary diplomas to those with post-secondary credentials, and to those with post graduate experience) rises smoothly.
  • URL: https://www.gemconsortium.org/report/49847
GEM Canada Report 2016
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