Canada

Region: Europe and North America
 

Classification of economies by geographic region is based on that of the United Nations Statistics Division.

High Income
 

Based on the income levels set out by the World Economic Forum (WEF) in its Global Competitiveness Report. However, the groupings are slightly different due to the numbers of economies covered. For GEM, the low income group contains both those classified as low income and lower middle by WEF, and the middle income group has those that WEF groups as upper middle. High income is the same for both GEM and WEF.

Population: 36.7 million (2018)
 

Population data is from the World Bank, except Palestinian Territories World Population Review and Taiwan Worldometers

GDP Growth: 1.8% (2018)
 

GDP growth data is from the World Economic Outlook Database, except Palestinian Territories Worldometers

GDP Per Capita: $46,261 (2018)
 

GDP per capita data is from the World Economic Outlook Database, except Palestinian Territories Worldometers

Canada Reports

Name
Report information
pdf
  • Year of publication: 2019
  • Category: National Reports
  • Language: English
  • Upload date: 2020-05-20

  • This GEM project surveyed slightly over 1,500 Saskatchewan residents with questions about their attitudes and activities associated with entrepreneurship in the province. Respondents were randomly selected to take part in the survey. An important starting point for the Saskatchewan GEM results is to show the state of new business and small business operation in the province. Saskatchewan has a strong entrepreneurial culture. Approximately 75% of those surveyed indicated that entrepreneurship was desirable, respected, and talked about in the province. Only half of Saskatchewan residents think that entrepreneurship is accessible to them. When asked if they personally have the ability and risk tolerance for entrepreneurship and if they know other entrepreneurs, half the respondents say ‘no’ and only 15% say that they considering to start a new business. Ideals are a more important motivator than money. Earning wealth and making money were an important motivator, however a desire to make a difference was noticeably more important for entrepreneurs. Demographics like education, age, and region have little effect on entrepreneurial activity, but there is a small gender difference. Differences in entrepreneurial activity do not appreciably differ depending on age, level of education, age, or whether you live in Alberta, Manitoba, or Saskatchewan. There is however, a greater tendency for males to be entrepreneurs versus females. A panel of Saskatchewan business experts were asked what would best serve growing a larger base of entrepreneurs in the province. The most important issues in increasing Saskatchewan entrepreneurship are in access to financing, educational programing at the primary and secondary levels, government policies, priority and support, and technology (R&D) transfer.
  • URL: https://www.gemconsortium.org/report/50462
GEM Saskatchewan, Canada Report 2019
Report information
pdf
  • Year of publication: 2018
  • Category: National Reports
  • Language: French
  • Upload date: 2019-04-30

  • Rapport GEM de la situation de l'entrepreneuriat au Québec (Canada).
  • URL: https://www.gemconsortium.org/report/50255
GEM Canada - Rapport du Québec
Report information
pdf
  • Year of publication: 2018
  • Category: National Reports
  • Language: English
  • Upload date: 2019-10-22

  • Canada continues to have a very positive attitude towards entrepreneurship, with three quarters of Canadians believing the entrepreneurs enjoy high status. It also has the second highest rate of entrepreneurship among innovation driven economies, but also the highest rate of necessity-driven entrepreneurship.
  • URL: https://www.gemconsortium.org/report/50326
GEM Canada 2018 Report
Report information
pdf
  • Year of publication: 2018
  • Category: National Reports
  • Language: English
  • Upload date: 2019-10-22

  • Alberta has suffered economically in the last few years because of a decline in the price of oil. Entrepreneurship rates are extremely high in Alberta - at 25.2%-, the highest in Canada. However necessity based entrepreneurship is also very high, at 4.1%. Fear of failure in Alberta is above the national average. The 25-34 year age-range contributes most to TEA in Alberta.
  • URL: https://www.gemconsortium.org/report/50327
GEM Canada 2018 Report - Alberta
Report information
pdf
  • Year of publication: 2017
  • Category: National Reports
  • Language: English
  • Upload date: 2018-12-01

  • This report uses a definition of "youth" of 18-39. Youth in Canada see entrepreneurship as a good career choice and associate it with high status. TEA for this group is high (at 14% over the last four years) but slightly below the Canadian average for all ages. Personal savings is their primary source of funding. The number of youth angel investors is increasing.
  • URL: https://www.gemconsortium.org/report/50190
GEM Canada Report on Youth Entrepreneurship
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