Canada

Region: Europe and North America
 

Classification of economies by geographic region is based on that of the United Nations Statistics Division.

High Income
 

Based on the income levels set out by the World Economic Forum (WEF) in its Global Competitiveness Report. However, the groupings are slightly different due to the numbers of economies covered. For GEM, the low income group contains both those classified as low income and lower middle by WEF, and the middle income group has those that WEF groups as upper middle. High income is the same for both GEM and WEF.

Population: 36.7 million (2018)
 

Population data is from the World Bank, except Palestinian Territories World Population Review and Taiwan Worldometers

GDP Growth: 1.8% (2018)
 

GDP growth data is from the World Economic Outlook Database, except Palestinian Territories Worldometers

GDP Per Capita: $46,261 (2018)
 

GDP per capita data is from the World Economic Outlook Database, except Palestinian Territories Worldometers

Canada Reports

Name
Report information
pdf
  • Year of publication: 2021
  • Category: National Reports
  • Language: English
  • Upload date: 2021-02-10

  • This is the first Entrepreneurial Ecosystem report published for Canada. Nova Scotia is one of the four Atlantic Provinces with a population just below 1 million. In Nova Scotia the highest rated pillar is Networking, at 7.18. In descending order the other rankings are: Culture (6.73), Talent (6.72), Physical Infrastructure (6.62), Demand (6.48), Knowledge (6.46), Support Services (6.17),Finance (6.00), Formal Institutions (6.00) and last Leadership (5.99).
  • URL: https://www.gemconsortium.org/report/50677
Nova Scotia Entrepreneurial Ecosystem Report
Report information
pdf
  • Year of publication: 2020
  • Category: National Reports
  • Language: English
  • Upload date: 2021-06-14

  • In 2020, Canada’s provinces and territories were hit hard by the COVID-19 pandemic. This report examines the COVID-19 impacts on entrepreneurship in Western Canada using data from the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM). The report covers the following areas: • Effects on entrepreneurs • Government response to the pandemic • Effects on owner managers • Effects on intrapreneurs • Receipt of government assistance Recommendations 1. Target support for entrepreneurs and intrapreneurs in Western Canada seeking to develop new opportunities arising during the pandemic. 2. Support owner-managers who have growth aspirations but cannot pursue new opportunities while focusing on their core business activities during the pandemic. 3. Further assess the pandemic-related government support provision to determine if OM-led businesses in certain sectors in Western Canada are disadvantaged. 4. Assess the factors delaying Western Canadian entrepreneurs in getting their businesses operational during the pandemic. 5. Further study necessity-driven entrepreneurship in Western Canada, including the different profiles of necessity-driven entrepreneurs.
  • URL: https://www.gemconsortium.org/report/50698
The Impact of COVID-19 in western Canada.
Report information
pdf
  • Year of publication: 2020
  • Category: National Reports
  • Language: English
  • Upload date: 2021-06-14

  • In 2020, Alberta and other Canadian provinces and territories were hit hard by the COVID-19 pandemic. This report examines the COVID-19 impacts on entrepreneurship in Alberta using data from the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM). The report covers the following areas: • Business Cessations and Start-ups • Effects on entrepreneurs • Government Response to the pandemic • Effects on Owner Managers • Effects on Intrapreneurs • Receipt of Government Assistance Recommendations 1. Target support for Alberta entrepreneurs and intrapreneurs seeking to develop new opportunities arising during the pandemic. 2. Further support owner-managers who have growth aspirations but cannot pursue new opportunities while focusing on their core business activities during the pandemic. 3. Assess the factors delaying Alberta entrepreneurs in getting their businesses operational during the pandemic. 4. Further assess the pandemic-related government support provision to determine if OM-led businesses in certain sectors are disadvantaged. 5. Further study necessity-driven entrepreneurship in Alberta, including the different profiles of necessity-driven entrepreneurs.
  • URL: https://www.gemconsortium.org/report/50699
Impact of COVID-19 in Alberta
Report information
pdf
  • Year of publication: 2020
  • Category: National Reports
  • Language: French
  • Upload date: 2020-06-17

  • Youth entrepreneurship GEM Quebec (Canada) report (2013-2018) Situation des jeunes entrepreneurs du Québec (Candada) Rapport GEM (20139-2018)
  • URL: https://www.gemconsortium.org/report/50483
Situation des jeunes entrepreneurs du Québec 2013-2018
Report information
pdf
  • Year of publication: 2019
  • Category: National Reports
  • Language: English
  • Upload date: 2020-05-20

  • This GEM project surveyed slightly over 1,500 Saskatchewan residents with questions about their attitudes and activities associated with entrepreneurship in the province. Respondents were randomly selected to take part in the survey. An important starting point for the Saskatchewan GEM results is to show the state of new business and small business operation in the province. Saskatchewan has a strong entrepreneurial culture. Approximately 75% of those surveyed indicated that entrepreneurship was desirable, respected, and talked about in the province. Only half of Saskatchewan residents think that entrepreneurship is accessible to them. When asked if they personally have the ability and risk tolerance for entrepreneurship and if they know other entrepreneurs, half the respondents say ‘no’ and only 15% say that they considering to start a new business. Ideals are a more important motivator than money. Earning wealth and making money were an important motivator, however a desire to make a difference was noticeably more important for entrepreneurs. Demographics like education, age, and region have little effect on entrepreneurial activity, but there is a small gender difference. Differences in entrepreneurial activity do not appreciably differ depending on age, level of education, age, or whether you live in Alberta, Manitoba, or Saskatchewan. There is however, a greater tendency for males to be entrepreneurs versus females. A panel of Saskatchewan business experts were asked what would best serve growing a larger base of entrepreneurs in the province. The most important issues in increasing Saskatchewan entrepreneurship are in access to financing, educational programing at the primary and secondary levels, government policies, priority and support, and technology (R&D) transfer.
  • URL: https://www.gemconsortium.org/report/50462
GEM Saskatchewan, Canada Report 2019
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