India

Region: Asia and Oceania
 

Classification of economies by geographic region is based on that of the United Nations Statistics Division.

Low Income
 

Based on the income levels set out by the World Economic Forum (WEF) in its Global Competitiveness Report. However, the groupings are slightly different due to the numbers of economies covered. For GEM, the low income group contains both those classified as low income and lower middle by WEF, and the middle income group has those that WEF groups as upper middle. High income is the same for both GEM and WEF.

Population: 1.3 billion
 

Population data is from the World Bank, except Palestinian Territories World Population Review and Taiwan Worldometers

GDP Growth: 7.1% (2018)
 

GDP growth data is from the World Economic Outlook Database, except Palestinian Territories Worldometers

GDP Per Capita: $1,486 (2013)
 

GDP per capita data is from the World Economic Outlook Database, except Palestinian Territories Worldometers

India Reports

Name
Report information
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  • Year of publication: 2019
  • Category: National Reports
  • Language: English
  • Upload date: 2019-01-21

  • The 2017-18 GEM Report completes its 19 years of measuring entrepreneurship-related activities. The study had a noble mission of generating globally-comparative data of entrepreneurial activity. It helped identify factors determining national levels of entrepreneurial activity as well as policies aimed at enhancing entrepreneurial activity. It measures entrepreneurship through surveys and interviews of various field experts, conducted by the teams at respective countries. The GEM survey generates a variety of relevant, primary information on different aspects of entrepreneurship and provides harmonised measures about individuals’ attributes and their activities in different phases of venturing (from nascent to start-up to established business and to discontinuation). The GEM Report 2017-18 covers results based on 54 economies completing the Adult Population Survey (APS) and the National Expert Survey (NES). The report provides insights into entrepreneurial activities in India. The GEM India study was conducted using a well-established GEM research methodology, consistent across all participating countries, thus enabling a cross-country comparison. The APS was conducted with 4000 respondents. Questions were based on generating information regarding the level of entrepreneurial activity in this country based on the national framework conditions, whereas, the NES was conducted on 72 national experts. The NES in India focuses on the entrepreneurial ecosystem, and with regard to the nine entrepreneurial framework conditions.

  • URL: https://www.gemconsortium.org/report/50212
Global Entrepreneurship Monitor India Report 2017-18
Report information
pdf
  • Year of publication: 2017
  • Category: National Reports
  • Language: English
  • Upload date: 2018-03-23

  • The GEM Report 2016-17 completes its 18 years of measuring entrepreneurship-related activities . The study has a noble mission of generating globally comparative data of entrepreneurial activity . It helps identify factors determining national levels of entrepreneurial activity as well as policies aimed at enhancing entrepreneurial activity . It measures entrepreneurship through surveys and interviews of various field experts, conducted by the teams in their respective countries . The GEM survey generates a variety of relevant, primary information on different aspects of entrepreneurship and provides harmonised measures about individuals’ attributes and their activities in different phases of venturing (from nascent to start-up to established business and to discontinuation) . The GEM Report 2016-17 covers results based on 64 economies completing the Adult Population Survey (APS) and 65 economies completing the National Expert Survey (NES) . The report provides insights into entrepreneurial activities in India . The GEM India study was conducted using a well-established GEM research methodology, consistent across all participating countries, thus enabling a cross-country comparison . The APS was conducted among 3,400 samples, which provided information regarding the level of entrepreneurial activity in their country, based on the national framework conditions, whereas the NES was conducted on 72 national experts . The NES in India focused on entrepreneurial ecosystem, also with regard to the nine entrepreneurial framework conditions .

  • URL: https://www.gemconsortium.org/report/50030
Global Entrepreneurship Monitor India Report 2016-17
Report information
pdf
  • Year of publication: 2016
  • Category: National Reports
  • Language: English
  • Upload date: 2018-03-23

  • In 2015/16, Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) study completes 17 years of the journey to create knowledge on entrepreneurship around the world. The study has a noble mission to generate globally comparative data to understand the entrepreneurial activity. This would help identify factors determining national levels of entrepreneurial activity, as well as policies aimed at enhancing entrepreneurial activity. It measures entrepreneurship through surveys and interviews of field experts conducted by the teams in the respective countries. The GEM survey generates a variety of relevant primary information on different aspects of entrepreneurship and provides harmonised measures about individuals’ attributes and their activities in different phases of venturing (from nascent to start-up, established business, and discontinuation). This 2015/16 GEM report covers results based on 60 economies completing the Adult Population Survey (APS) and 62 economies completing the National Expert Survey (NES). The present report provides insights into entrepreneurial activities in India. The GEM India study was conducted using a well-established GEM research methodology that is consistent across all participating countries, thus enabling cross-country comparison. The APS was conducted among 3,413 samples and provides information regarding the level of entrepreneurial activity in the country based on the national framework conditions, whereas the NES was conducted on 72 national experts with an average age of 41 years. The NES focuses on entrepreneurial start-up environment in India with regard to nine entrepreneurial framework conditions (EFCs).

  • URL: https://www.gemconsortium.org/report/50031
Global Entrepreneurship Monitor India Report 2015-16
Report information
pdf
  • Year of publication: 2016
  • Category: National Reports
  • Language: English
  • Upload date: 2016-05-04

  • GEM Study 2014 found that in India,4.1 per cent of adults are “nascent entrepreneurs” (actively involved in setting up a business), while 2.5 per cent are “new business owners” (in operation for more than 3 months but less than 42 months). Combining both these rates gives us the Total Early-stage Entrepreneurial Activity (TEA) rate, meaning that 6.6 per cent of the Indian adult population—or 1 in every 14 adults—is engaged in some form of early-stage entrepreneurial activity. The National Experts’ Survey reveals while the Indian economy is dynamic and the overall business climate good, there is a need to develop entrepreneurship on the margins of society to achieve inclusive growth. Furthermore, to improve levels of business sustainability, systems of entrepreneurial education, training, and development must be put into place. Comparing the perceptions among male and female respondents, fear of failure, which prevents individuals from starting a business, is similar (51% for males and 48% for females). However, female respondents have lower scores on perceived capabilities (43%) and perceived opportunities (41%) than their male counterpart.
  • URL: https://www.gemconsortium.org/report/49535
GEM India 2014 Report
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GEM India 2013 Report
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